A Bank of China Ltd report has predicted China’s economy to stabilize in the second quarter of this year, and GDP growth to rise from around 7 percent in the first quarter to 7.2 percent in the second.
Zhou Jingtong, a senior economist with the bank’s Institute of International Finance, said in the report on Monday that while the economy continues to slow, “we are seeing a series of positive changes emerging from the recent economic moves, such as the rapid growth of private investment and strong profit growth in the equipment and high-tech manufacturing industries”.
The tertiary sector of the economy, also known as the service sector, is growing rapidly, making it a main channel for employment, Zhou said. In the first two months of this year, service industry production increased 7.4 percent.
Statistics show that every percentage point of GDP growth created 1.79 million jobs in 2014.
The report said consumption rose 11 percent in the first two months, up 20 basis points from the previous year, and its contribution to economic growth is expected to further increase in the first quarter.
During the same period, it also showed that private investment increased 14.7 percent year-on-year and new forms of businesses related to the Internet continue to expand at a high speed. Online sales of products and services increased 44.6 percent from a year earlier to 475.1 billion yuan ($76 billion).
Fixed-asset investment, meanwhile, slowed further in the first two months, among which the growth of real estate investment fell 8.9 percentage points from the previous year.
Bank of China’s economists said they expected the housing market to remain in a relative trough, “due to a lack of momentum for recovery” in the second quarter.
They expect that the investment in real estate will grow 8-10 percent during the period, compared with 10.4 percent from January to February.
The bank expects new yuan loans to reach 10 trillion yuan to 11 trillion yuan this year, which will help stabilize the economy, and about 3.5 trillion yuan of the total will be extended in the first quarter.
“The central bank will further cut the reserve requirement ratio two or three times to inject liquidity into the market, as China’s funds outstanding for foreign exchange will continue to drop this year, thus creating a gap worth 3.5 trillion yuan between base money supply and demand,” said Li Jianjun, a financial analyst at BOC.
Analysts have said in recent days that a sharp showdown is possible in the first quarter, after a slew of indicators and forecasts suggested policymakers were under added pressure to maintain GDP growth targets, as structural changes continued to have an effect on the economy.
According to the latest data from the National Bureau of Statistics, industrial profit reached 745.24 billion yuan in the first two months, a 4.2 percent drop compared to a year earlier, after slipping 8 percent in December, 4.2 percent in November and 2.1 percent in October.
The flash manufacturing Purchasing Managers Index for March, jointly released by the HSBC Holding Plc and Markit Ltd last week, showed factory activity unexpectedly dipped to an 11-month low of 49.2 as new orders shrank.
The below-50 reading means that contraction may return to manufacturing businesses amid the persistent weakness in the world’s second-largest economy, and increase the risk of deflation.
Source : China Daily | March 31, 2015