IMF approves US$6.7b loan to Pakistan


The International Monetary Fund threw Pakistan a $6.7 billion lifeline on Wednesday to help the struggling nuclear-armed country achieve economic reforms, particularly in its troubled energy sector.

The IMF executive board authorised a three-year loan, making an initial disbursement of $540 million available to the Pakistani authorities.

The remaining amount will be evenly paid out over the duration of the programme, subject to the completion of quarterly reviews, the Washington-based global lender said.

In its announcement of the loan on Wednesday to the government of Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif, the IMF said that Pakistan’s adherence to the programme would likely encourage financial support from other donors.

“Despite the challenges it faces, Pakistan is a country with abundant potential, given its geographical location and its rich human and natural resources,” the IMF said.

“The authorities’ programme is expected to help the economy rebound, forestall a balance of payments crisis and rebuild reserves, reduce the fiscal deficit, and undertake comprehensive structural reforms to boost investment and growth.”

The IMF aid is an Extended Fund Facility, a type of assistance aimed at helping a country that faces serious balance-of-payments problems because of structural weakness that require time to address.

The repayment period for an EFF loan is between 4.5 and 10 years.

The loan is aimed at reducing Pakistan’s fiscal deficit – which neared nine percent of gross domestic product last year – to a more sustainable level and reform the energy sector to help resolve severe power cuts that have sapped growth potential.

The country’s daunting array of problems range from an energy sector crippled by $5 billion of debt to dwindling foreign exchange reserves and a sinking currency, all the while facing down a Taliban insurgency.

Economic growth has sputtered in recent years. Gross domestic product growth rose 3.7 percent in 2012 and is forecast to decelerate to 3.5 percent this year and to 3.3 percent in 2014, according to the IMF’s latest projections.

Growth has been “well below that needed to provide jobs for the rising labor force and to reduce poverty,” an IMF mission in Pakistan reported in July.

The request for a loan came just weeks after May elections that marked the country’s first democratic transition of power, putting Sharif in office.

The new loan came after months of negotiations. Pakistan abandoned a previous $11.3 billion IMF loan programme in 2011 after refusing to carry out strict financial reforms, and still owes about $4 billion to the Fund.

The political situation in Pakistan is expected to pose a challenge for the IMF.

“There isn’t any doubt that it’s going to be an extremely difficult programme for the IMF to oversee,” Jacob Kirkegaard of the Peterson Institute for International Economics told AFP.

“Pakistan is a country where the military continues to have a very large role not just on national security but also on a large part of the economy,” he said.

Kirkegaard added that it was “very unlikely” the military would go along with certain reform measures under the IMF loan-supported programme.

“If Pakistan was not a nuclear-armed country, the dominant countries at the IMF board would probably be less interested in trying everything possible to stabilise the situation there,” he said.

Source : Channel News Asia | September 5, 2013


About thomasdinnocenzi

Thomas D'Innocenzi is a highly accomplished, results-focused senior international executive with extensive experience in global sourcing and market development worldwide to meet evolving business needs. Tom has proven ability in implementing and managing profitable global sourcing operations worldwide. Extensive experience in international market development operations to accommodate rapid growth. Skilled in building top-performing teams, benchmarking performance, and restricting organizations to improve efficiency, productivity, and profitability. Experienced transition leader and change agent. As principal of Nova Advisors, LLC I’ve assembled an exemplary team that brings with them the knowledge and experience gained from starting up a Global Sourcing program with multiple Fortune 500 companies as well as the largest supplier network throughout the Asia-Pacific region. We have experience and expertise in more than a thousand medical and pharmaceutical products in manufacturing and sourcing at the best value. The right product, the right price point and the right branding fueled these successes that resulted in double-digit growth for top line sales and bottom line net margins for our customers. What sets us apart: • Our reach includes a large network of suppliers & manufacturers spanning 13 countries in Asia-Pacific region • We understand the manufacturing process and the business of the supplier and the buyer • Our company culture is based on quality assurance and our process is based on local quality control Our commitment is to be your partner offering the best products and services at the lowest cost. Contact me to discuss how we can make the global marketplace work for you. In addition, I am open to discussing opportunities in global sourcing, international marketing & sales, logistics and medical/pharma in Thailand, Vietnam, Malaysia, Philippines & Japan. Aside from my work I enjoy piano, astronomy, physics, and assisting my daughters with their studies. SPECIALTIES: Global Sourcing, Supply Chain Management, Business Development, Marketing, Logistics, Global Networking, Market Development, Healthcare Solutions, Pharmaceuticals, Medical Devices, Technology, Asia, Southeast Asia, US and Canada
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